What’s MS – Types, Causes, and Symptoms

MS is regarded as a disease that can affect the central nervous system. It has the potential to hit immensely on the immune system. Myelin, a substance that insulated fibbers of nerves is attached to the immune system which is obviously affected because of the dysfunctionality of the nervous system (comprising spinal cord, optic nerves, and brain). MS occurs when myelin is disrupted or damaged. Leaving behind nerves to malfunction. 

In this article, we are going to discuss the following:  

  • Whats ms
  • Types of MS 
  • Causes of MS  
  • How to Cure or Treat MS? 
  • Symptoms of MS 

Starting off with the prime question: 

What’s MS? 

MS stands for Multiple Sclerosis which is a chronic disease. As discussed above, it is something that has the tendency to affect the brain and the entire nervous system including eyes.  

Types of MS: 

Typically, there are four different types of MS which may or may not be active with the tendency to grow or not to grow. They are enlisted below:  

  • RRMS also is known as Relapsing-Remitting MS 
  • SPMS is also known as Secondary-Progressive MS 
  • CIS also is known as Clinically Isolated Syndrome  
  • PPMS also is known as Primary -Progressive MS  

Basic Causes of MS:  

Unfortunately, the real cause of MS is still hidden from doctors and professionals. According to many doctors, it is mainly myelin because of which immune system is destroyed which becomes the source of MS. In short, the virus, as well as bacteria, make MS worse after the destruction and slow processing of the immune system. Resulting in further attacks to the body; tissues and muscles.  

Research, however, reveals that there could be a number of reasons for MS. Enlisted below are the common ones:  

  • Gender issues and complications while aging  
  • Environmental aspects and factors  
  • Genetics and hormonal concerns  
  • Geographical conditions  

It is said that countries which are near the equator tend to have more probability of having MS in people. 

How to Cure or Treat MS? 

Ruling out MS or to figure out its cure is not that easy. Mainly because of the fact that the identification of it is still under working. Not many doctors or professionals can find out the cure, treatment, or fundamental causes to the MS. One has to go through a series of lab tests where the physicians can determine if the patient suffering from the illness is actually affected by MS or not.  

Strategies to figure out if one has MS or not are listed below: 

  • Relapses are reduced and the rate of stability in the illness increases. Also, if lesions are used and progression is noticed, then there is a high chance that MS is fading away.  
  • Attacks are shortened with way too less intensity of pain and exacerbations.  
  • Symptoms are managed.  
  • Through the help of rehabilitation, fitness sessions, and energy management, the functionality of MS is improved. 
  • Challenges related to emotional, vocational, and social are dealt with properly.  
  • Mindfulness, brain exercises, yoga, health consciousness (no smoking and being careful on diet) are among strategies to reduce the intensity of MS. 

Symptoms of MS: 

MS varies from individual to individual and depends largely upon the location and area of the affected nerve fibres. Movement is the first symptom that is taken into consideration. Those symptoms include the following: 

  • First thing first, the affected person feels numbness all over the body.  
  • There are also shocks in the body which are similar to electrical circuits. This particular symptom appears when the neck is bent too much and for too long.  
  • He, the patient, also faces weakness where he could not even move limbs or change his position. 
  • Unsteady posture, tremors, and lack of coordination can also be part of MS. 
  • Visionary issues come into play too. That includes loss of vision. At times, it is a complete blackout, and other times it is a partial vision loss. In addition to it, eyes burn and become watery.  
  • Blurred vision is another symptom that could be considered as a symptom.  
  • Other issues are related to fatigue, slurred speech, and dizziness. 
  • There is a problem with sexual need and bladder being full. 

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